We can compare the valuations of mining companies using industry metrics like Market Cap/Hashrate or general metrics like Price/Sales (P/S). Most publicly listed miners have similar cost levels. Therefore, sales is a valid proxy for earnings, which makes P/S an excellent metric for the industry.
A miner’s hashrate is their capacity to mine new bitcoin. Therefore, Market Cap/Hashrate considers future earnings, and we can view it as a simplified version of the Forward Price/Earnings ratio.